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Nice port visit from cruise ship

Written by Rodney T W
When I went up on deck of the Costa Concordia early in the morning to get a look at Rhodes, I was surprised to see the walls, turrets and castle around the city. It had a Disneyland-look I didn't expect. For a cruise
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7. Modern Times

Rhodes and the Dodecanese were captured by the Italian armies in 1912 in order to cut Turkish communications with Tripoli, which was the object of Italian colonialist ambitions. It lasted until 1945 which was much better that the Rodians expected; they hoped it would be a much shorter period and that they would quickly be reunited with Greece. This created the 'Dodecanese Question' with conflicts and disorders that resulted in mass arrests and deportations.

In 1923 Turkey ceded her rights in the island to Italy in the Treaty of Lasagna, and with the rise of Fascism in Italy the situation of the Greek population deteriorated. Italianization occurred in 1924, a programme involving the settlement on the island of Italians and the promotion of mixed marriages and of speaking the Italian language.
Rodians were now called Orthodox to avoid using the word 'Greek'. Work was also undertaken by the Italians that benefited the public, the most important of which was the road network. They also took and interest in modernizing farming methods, founded the museum and archaeological service, conducted excavations and promoted Rhodes as a tourist island. From 1936 it was forbidden to speak Greek in public places, only Italian.

From 1943 the Germans forces took over. On July 19, 1944 the island's 1700 Jewish inhabitants were rounded up by the Gestapo and sent to extermination camps, of whom some 160 survived.

After the end of the WWII finally in 1945 the island was liberated and until 1947 and the signing of the peace between Italy and the Allies by which Italy ceded the Dodecanese to Greece and Rhodes was administered by the English.

Greek military administration assumed power back in 1947 and on 1 March 1948 the Dodecanese was officially incorporated back into the Greek State. The Treaty of Liberation and return to Greece of the Dodecanese was signed on the 8th of May on the island of Symi.

In 1949, Rhodes was the venue for negotiations between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, concluding with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.