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Ialissos, Overall a good family destination

Written by Bryan
We stayed in Ialissos. If I were on my honeymoon or single, I would choose another island (or perhaps I would choose another part of Rhodes), but for a family with small children, or a wind/kite surfer, or people who don't want to be in a total party spot, Ialissos works just fine.
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3. Hellenistic and Roman Period



After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, his generals Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigonus, vied for control of the kingdom. Rhodes preserved the good relations it always had with Egypt, known during this time as the Kingdom of Ptolemy.
This, however, was the cause of an expedition against Rhodes by Demetrius Poliorketes (The Besieger,) son of Antigonus, who hoped that Rhodes would become a base from which to invade Egypt. Demetrius together with a strong army and navy laid siege on Rhodes in 305 BC. The siege lasted an entire year, during which the Rhodians displayed incredible valour. Over and over again Demetrius would invent some new ingenious machine, such as the ten-storey Helepolis siege tower, only to have it ingeniously foiled by the Rhodian defenders. After a year both sides grew weary of fighting and made a truce and finally Demetrius left empty handed leaving behind a huge store of military equipment.

The Rhodians sold the equipment and used the money to erect in 292 BC a statue of their sun god, Helios, the statue now known as Colossus of Rhodes The Colossus of Rhodes ,one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was demolished in 226 BC by an earthquake.

In the years that followed, Rhodes reached the peak of her power. The destruction of its rival Tyros and the establishment of Alexandria helped the development of Rhodian trade and maritime activities, with its coinage finding widespread use throughout the known world. Its economical and trading interests dictated the Rhodian politics. Rhodes managed to remain neutral in most instances throughout the constant wars and struggles amongst the Hellenistic states and consolidating its power it becomes respected by all.


The treaty with the Romans in 164 BC obliges Rhodes to have the same enemies and friends as Rome. As such, Rhodes proved itself a loyal ally of Rome during the Mithridatic war (88 BC) and was able to successfully defend itself from the siege laid by Mithridate.


Rhodes sided with Antonius and Octavius during the civil war that broke out after the death of Julius Caesar. Enraged, Cassius conquered and sacked Rhodes in 42 BC. and carried off a plethora of booty, pillaging even the sanctuaries of the gods. Over 3.000 pieces of Rhodian artworks were transported to Rome. Rhodes never recovered from this catastrophe, neither politically nor economically. It remained a considerable power in the east, but its former glory had passed. The island preserved a formal autonomy and economic prosperity, but in reality it was simply a Roman satellite state.


In the year 155 AD a great earthquake completely destroyed the cities of Rhodes and Kos. The emperor Antoninus (138-163 AD) helped in the rebuilding of the cities, but so great was the damage that it was impossible to rectify it and Rhodes passed into a period of decline and decay. Of course, apart from the earthquake, this decline is a phenomenon that was common to all the once glorious cities of Hellenism as we observe the end of the ancient world. Finally in 297 AD Rhodes became part of the Island Province of the Roman Empire.



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