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Nice port visit from cruise ship

Written by Rodney T W
When I went up on deck of the Costa Concordia early in the morning to get a look at Rhodes, I was surprised to see the walls, turrets and castle around the city. It had a Disneyland-look I didn't expect. For a cruise
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2. Ancient Period

The island was inhabited since the Neolithic period 5,000 BC, although little remains of this culture. From Homer we learn that during antiquity there were three cities on Rhodes: Lindos, Ialysos and Kamiros. These cities, which were already flourishing even from post-Minoan times, continued to flourish during the Mycenaean period, as is evident from the necropolis of Kamiros and Ialysos.

In the 17th century BC the Minoans came to Rhodes, and later Greek mythology recalled a Rhodian race they called the Telchines, and associated Rhodes with Danaus (Mycenaeans);

A new period of prosperity is ushered in after the arrival of the Doric population from Argos, which occurred during the 11th century BC. The Doric domination over the population (in terms of language, religion and customs), encompasses Rhodes into the great Doric family. The three cities of Rhodes, together with Kos, Knidos and Halicarnassus constitute the Doric Hexapolis (six city-states) in the 7th century BC. Their religious centre was the temple of Triopios Apollo, located on the peninsula of Knidos.

A great migratory wave during this period occurred, as the population grew and became more affluent. A series of Rhodian colonies were established: Gela in Sicily (688/687 BC.) - which in turn colonises Akraganta (683/682 BC.) - Rhodi in Iberia, Parthenopi and the Elpies in Italy.

During the Persian Wars, Rhodes followed the fate of all the cities in Asia Minor and was forced to join the Persians in their expeditions against Greece. After the defeat of the Persians at Salamina (480 BC.) and at Plataies (479 BC.), Rhodes freed herself from the Medes party and formed an alliance with the Athenians (478 BC).

The three cities of Rhodes, as well as the various municipalities, are shown to have deposited the regulated yearly tax into the common fund of Delos, for the needs of the struggle against the Persians, as it is evident from the Athenian taxation lists.
From early on, Rhodes also became known for its famous athletes amongst whom the family of Diagoras stands out, that is Diagoras (for whom Pindar wrote the 7th Olympic hymn), his three sons Damagitos, Akousilaos and Dorieus and his grandchildren Eucles and Pisirodos.

In 408 BC the unification of the ancient cities, Kamiros, Lindos and Ialyssos took place and the magnificent city of Rhodes was built on the north-eastern end of the island. Ancient Rhodes was constructed according to the plans of architect Hippodamus.

However the Peloponnesian War had so weakened the entire Greek culture that it lay open to invasion. In 357 BC the island was conquered by the king Mausolus of Caria, , then fell to the Persians 340 BC.

During the years of the gradual expansion of the Macedonian domination over the Greek world, the Rhodians initially enjoyed a freedom of movement until the year 334 BC, when the Macedonian guard established themselves in Rhodes. Many Rhodian generals played an important role in the history of Alexandrian conquest either by supporting the Persians or on the side of the Macedonians.